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Here you get an overview of the course elements that can be used for knowledge testing. For some course elements there are separate pages or chapters here in the manual.


OpenOlat provides various course elements for knowledge testing. The central course elements for this are the two course elements for OpenOlat tests and the two course elements for submission tasks. But also the other elements such as portfolio task, assessments with and without evaluation grid (rubric) or the checklists offer a lot of potential for certain scenarios.

Most course elements in the assessment category can also be given points if required. With the allocation of points, further features such as the addition of points or the passing/failing of a course based on the assessments of different course elements can be added. A course element structure is used for this.

The OpenOlat questionnaire or the course element Survey can also be found in the assessment category.


Course Element: Assessment

The course element "Assessment" is suitable for evaluating services which are not explicitly submitted electronically, e.g. presence presentations or online websites.

On separate pages you will learn how to set up, perform and configure an assessment. 


Course Element: Task

Coaches can use the Task course element to organize actions and submission tasks. Learners upload their submissions to the OpenOlat course and receive feedback or assessment from the teacher. Revisions can also be requested. Sample solutions can also be provided using this course element.

The central configuration of the course element takes place in the first step in the tab "Workflow". Here you determine which of the following options you want to use:

  • Task Assignment: assign tasks to course participants or groups.

  • Submission: Learners should have the opportunity to submit tasks. This is where course participants create their solutions or upload them in a PDF file format.

  • Review and Correction: this is where course participants will find their tasks corrected as well as requests for revisions.

  • Revision Period: course participants upload their revised documents in this element. You as a coach can place multiple revision requests until the task is considered completed and the revision process closed.

  • Sample solution: provide course participants with sample solutions of their tasks. You can either create them directly in OpenOlat or upload files.

  • Assessment: create individual assessments for each course participant or for participants of a group as a whole.

How to create tasks step by step and further information on other configuration possibilities can be found in the chapter "Creating Tasks".

Course Element: Portfolio Task

By means of the course element "Portfolio task" you can provide predefined portfolio templates to be filled by your course participants. The course participants can then pick up the portfolio task in their course, fill it in and, if desired, hand it in electronically, so that the designed portfolio folder can be evaluated by a coach or other persons defined by the portfolio user.

For the course element Portfolio task you need a "Portfolio 2.0 template", which you link to the course element. If you have not yet created a Portfolio Template learning resource, you can also create a new Portfolio Template or link to a previously created one directly in the course via "Select or create Portfolio Template".  Click here to find out exactly how to create a portfolio task.

If you have already added a portfolio template, it will appear under Selected Portfolio Template. Follow the link to get to the preview. You now have the option of selecting a different content with the "Change Portfolio Template" button.


In case a portfolio template has already been downloaded and edited it will no longer be possible to replace it.

In the tab "Evaluation" you can preconfigure the display of points, status passed/failed and individual comments. In the fields "Note for all users" and "Note for supervisors" you formulate general information for the evaluation to all course participants and coaches.

Further information on how learners can pick up and use a portfolio task can be found in the chapter "Portfolio task and assignment: Collecting and editing". How teachers can evaluate a portfolio task can be found in the chapter "Portfolio assignment: Grading".

How the portfolio component looks like from the students' point of view and how it can be solved can be found in the chapter "Learning activities in the course" under the item "Portfolio task".

General information on the subject of portfolios and e-portfolios can be found here.

Course Element: Group Task

The course element Group task functions largely like the course element Task. Only the following differences have to be considered:

When creating the group task, one or more groups to which the task is assigned must be selected in the tab "Workflow". Only these groups can then view and edit the task. As long as no group has been assigned, the course element is not visible when the editor is closed.

When the editor is closed, the tab "All participants" does not show the individual persons directly, but the assigned groups are shown, which can then be selected and evaluated. Within the evaluation process it can be decided whether the evaluation is valid for the entire group or whether the evaluation is only valid for a certain group member.

Course Element: Test

The course element "Test" integrates tests into a course. A test in a course is used to assess achievements and includes various question types. Depending on the choice of question types, it is evaluated automatically or manually. OpenOlat uses the IMS-QTI 2.1 format for tests, which allows exchange with other test systems and learning management systems that also support this standard.

If you have not selected any test yet, there will be a message saying No file chosenunder the tab Test configuration. Click on "Choose, create or import file" to add a test to the course element, or to create a new test, respectively. In case you have already selected a test the name of this learning resource will be displayed after Selected file. Click on the name to open a preview of the test. Click on "Replace file" if you would like to exchange the learning resource with another one. Further information can be found in the chapter "Creating Tests".

The two main tabs for test configuration are "Test configuration" and "Options".

The settings under "Options" are initially being copied from the options of the learning resource. However, the options can be adjusted if needed. To do so, open the tab "Options" and click on "Adjust configuration". You may now set a time limit, limit the number of attempts, allow guests to do the test, choose from various display options, etc. If the option "Show question title" is not selected while menu navigation is allowed, the navigation will only show "anonymised" titles, not the real titles.

Furthermore, you can set up an information text (HTML page) which will be visible at the test start page as "Information", above the "Start" button. To add a file go to the tab "Options" and click on "Select page" or "Create page and open in editor". You can replace the file later if needed.

Once you have selected a file, the security setting field is added to the display and you can allow links to files in the storage folder. This is useful, for example, if you want to link to other HTML files or graphics. However, this setting also means that experienced course participants can view the entire folder of the course.

Any test linked to a course can only be edited in your test-editor as long as there are no users launching and taking it. After that only typing errors can be corrected.

Attention: In case participants are taking a test at that moment all their results will be lost since that test is not complete. All results achieved between replacing and publishing a test will be lost as well.
The test results of the participants will be personalised.

Course Element: Self-test


The course element "Self-test" is also used to control achievements in a course. In contrast to the course element "Test" self-tests are suitable to get practice; results of self-tests will be saved anonymously. Self-tests can be taken as often as needed. The course element "Self-test" contains learning resources of the type "Test." Therefore it is up to you if you want to offer a test or a self-test. Your test has to be imported or created first in the so-called IMS QTI format (version 1.2). If you have not generated a test before please follow the instructions in the chapter "Creating Tests and Questionnaires".

By means of the course element "Self-test" you include that test in your course. In this course element, data regarding course participants will be stored (number of attempts, scores, detailed assessments). If you haven't already selected a self-test you will see the text No file chosen. Click on "Select, create or import file" in the tab "Self-test configuration" to assign this course element to a self-test or create a new one.

If you have already selected a self-test the title of this learning resource will appear next to the Selected file. By clicking on it you will start the preview of your self-test. By means of Replace file you can replace your learning resource. Any user results already existing will be saved once more.

Any self-test linked to a course can only be edited in your test-editor as long as there are no users launching and taking it. After that only typing errors can be corrected.

If you want to replace a self-test already embedded just click on "Replace file" in the tab "Self-test configuration" and select a new self-test. In case there are already self-test results of course participants you can download them next.

Attention: In case participants are taking a self-test at that moment all their results will be lost since that self-test is not complete. All results achieved between replacing and publishing a self-test will be lost as well.

Information

The Information (HTML page) text will be displayed as "Disclaimer" on the element page above the start button.

Selected page: In order to add a file just click on Select page before selecting a file. If you have already chosen one you will be able to select another one by means of Replace page or to edit that file within the OLAT editor by means of Open page in editor .

As soon as you have selected a file the tab will extend by the field Security settings.: If you enable the Allow links in the entire storage folder option, you can set links within this HTML page that refer to any files within the storage folder, e.g. <a href = "../media/course.css">.

This setting enables experienced participants to gain insight into the complete storage folder of the course.

Do not check this box if you plan to e.g. create different folders for guests and registered course participants in order to prevent some guest to see through files that are off the record.
By means of this setting you can only set links on files from the same folder (e.g. /page1.html) within this HTML page (e.g. /index.html) or on files in sub-folders that are hierarchically on the same level as the original file (e.g. /media/course.css). You will not be able to set any links that are not on the same hierarchical level (e.g. .../folder/pic1.jpg).

Layout parameters

A self-test will always be started along with a homepage in your course. You can edit the content of this page in the section "Information (HTML page)".

The presentation of results, etc. can be configured in the tab "Self-test configuration" as well. For more information please go to "Display Options and Configuration", section "On the course level".

Information on how to see questionnaire results can be found in "Archiving Results of Tests and Questionnaires".

Course Element: Questionnaire


By means of a questionnaire you can carry out online evaluations in your course, e.g. at the beginning to find out what your course participants expect. You can also process the results gained with statistic methods or evaluate your course at the end. Results will be stored anonymously. A questionnaire has to be imported or created first in IMS QTI format (version 1.2). If you have never generated a questionnaire before please follow the instructions in the chapter "Creating Tests and Questionnaires.

By means of the course element "Questionnaire" you include that questionnaire in your course. In this course element, data regarding course participants will be stored (number of attempts, scores, detailed assessments). If you haven't already selected a questionnaire you will see the text No file chosen. Click on "Select, create or import file" in the tab "Questionnaire configuration" to assign this course element to a questionnaire or create a new one.

If you have already selected a questionnaire the title of this learning resource will appear next to the Selected file. By clicking on it you will start the preview of your questionnaire. By means of Replace file you can replace your learning resource. Any user results already existing will be saved once more.

Any questionnaire linked to a course can only be edited in your questionnaire-editor as long as there are no users launching and taking it. After that only typing errors can be corrected.

If you want to replace a questionnaire already embedded just click on "Replace file" in the tab "Questionnaire configuration" and select a new questionnaire. In case there are already questionnaire results of course participants you can download them next.

Attention: In case participants are taking a questionnaire at that moment all their results will be lost since that questionnaire is not complete. All results achieved between replacing and publishing a questionnaire will be lost as well.

Information

The Information (HTML page) text will be displayed as "Disclaimer" on the element page above the start button.

Selected page: In order to add a file just click on Select page before selecting a file. If you have already chosen one you will be able to select another one by means of Replace page or to edit that file within the OLAT editor by means of Open page in editor .

As soon as you have selected a file the tab will extend by the field Security settings.: If you enable the Allow links in the entire storage folder option, you can set links within this HTML page that refer to any files within the storage folder, e.g. <a href = "../media/course.css">.

This setting enables experienced participants to gain insight into the complete storage folder of the course.

Do not check this box if you plan to e.g. create different folders for guests and registered course participants in order to prevent some guest to see through files that are off the record.
By means of this setting you can only set links on files from the same folder (e.g. /page1.html) within this HTML page (e.g. /index.html) or on files in sub-folders that are hierarchically on the same level as the original file (e.g. /media/course.css). You will not be able to set any links that are not on the same hierarchical level (e.g. .../folder/pic1.jpg).

Layout parameters

A questionnaire will always be started along with a homepage in your course. You can edit the content of this page in the section "Information (HTML page)".

The presentation of results, etc. can be configured in the tab "Questionnaire configuration" as well. For more information please go to "Display Options and Configuration", section "On the course level".

Information on how to see questionnaire results can be found in "Archiving Results of Tests and Questionnaires".


Course Element: Checklist


The course element allows you to embed and evaluate checklists in the course structure. A checklist contains check elements with completed and uncompleted tasks or checks. The checklist can be used as an informational tool that helps users to complete smaller tasks or to keep information secure, for example, by maintaining attendance or to-do lists. It is the only module that the user or course participant can complete as a self-assessment.

Further information can be found here.


Highscore

The highscore can be added for all assessable course element as well as for structure elements. 

The highscore makes a playful comparison between test participants possible and can be seen as motivational factor. 

First "Show Highscore" needs to be enabled. Optional a starting date can be added. Upon this date the highscore will be shown. Otherwise the highscore is shown directly after finishing the test. Afterword it can be defined, if the user data is shown anonymized or with pre and last name. In the next part it can be chosen, which elements of the highscore should be shown. There is the choice between congratulation title, podium, histogram and top result listing. For the listing it can be defined additionally, if all users or only a certain number should be shown. At least one of the above options need to be selected.

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